Water is a very important prep, in fact many would argue that it is THE most important prep. In this basic lesson we will go over how much water you should have on hand, ways to store water, and ways to treat water. There are many things that are said about storing water. Some are true, some are partly true, some are not true at all. Let's start with the most common phrases that you might hear. The survival rule of 3's is a common survival term. It states that you cannot live for longer than 3 minutes without air, 3 hours in a harsh environment, 3 days without water, and 3 weeks without food. None of those seems like it would be fun to have to try, but this is a good rule of thumb. Since the above terms are a little vague, I think we should specify how much water a person needs to survive next. As a general rule, the average person during normal circumstances will need one gallon of water a day minimum. This does not account for anything but drinking, cooking and light hygiene. Real world numbers, under stress or in hot climates can be much more than that. For this lesson we want to keep this fairly simple, so for now let's use 1 gallon a day as a starting point. In later lessons we will talk about long term scenarios more, but for now let's think small. Since water is not something that can be carried without a container, we will need to provide something for ourselves. Many people use Nalgene or Kleen Kanteen type water bottles daily. This is a good option, but if you have other preferences it doesnt matter. Something with a lid that seals is what matters. Get one. Carry it all the time, every where you go. Generally, most containers are less than a gallon, more like a quarter of that or less. A gallon of water weighs 8 pounds, so no one wants to carry that around unless they have to. So, if you use your water up, how will you get more? The tap, right? What if there is no water in the tap? You're a prepper, so you've got another way. You should have water treatment capabilities with you at all times. Some iodine tabs are a good way to treat water easily, though be sure to understand the risks of using it before you try. Another popular way to treat water is using a small water filter like the Sawyer mini or the life straw. Either will work fine in many situations, and there are others of similar types. Just make sure that whatever you purchase you take the time to read up about their limitations and use them properly. One last method that can work is boiling. If you bring water to a rolling boil for one minute it should kill all pathogens. Why do we need to treat the water? If there is ANY doubt about the quality of water you need to treat it. If you have any doubts, read this page from the CDC about the topic.